This information is based largely on state-supplied resources and is up-to-date as of March 28, 2019.
Canada's cultivators are licensed by the federal government. The country has 43 cultivation licenses, which can be viewed on their licensed cultivators, processors, and sellers page. A variety of fees are applied to applicants, including application fees, security clearance fees, import/export fees, and annual regulatory fees. Consult the country's Cannabis Fees Order Guide for details.
The state boasts 75 Limited and 97 Standard Marijuana Cultivation Facilities. The state differentiates a "limited" facility as one with 500 square feet or less of grow operation space, whereas "standard" facilities have no such limitation. To review the entire list of 172 cultivation facilities, go to https://www.commerce.alaska.gov/web/amco/ and look for the link "Licenses and Applications by Status."
Licensing fees for limited are $1,000, and $5,000 for standard.
The government ties cultivation to dispensaries. However, Arizona state law prohibits making public a list of dispensaries, so the state's cultivators/dispensaries are not publicly known.
The five cultivation facilities for Arkansas are:
- Bold Team, LLC (Cotton Plant)
- Delta Medical Cannabis Co. (Newport)
- Natural State Medicinals Cultivation, LLC (White Hall)
- Natural State Wellness Enterprises, LLC (Newport)
- Osage Creek Cultivation, LLC (Berryville)
As of March 15, 2019, three of the five were up and running: Bold Team, Osage Creek Cultivation, and Natural State Medicinals Cultivation.
The five facilities were licensed after paying a $100,000 license fee and a $500,000 performance bond.
The state of California has more than 550 unique temporary cannabis cultivators, more than 140 unique adult-use cultivators, and more than 160 unique medicinal-use cultivators. As of January 1, 2019, the state no longer has the authority to issue temporary licenses, though normal adult-use and medicinal-use cultivation licenses can still be applied for. To review the entire list of more than 850 unique cultivation businesses (note: some companies have more than one license), go to https://aca6.accela.com/CALCANNABIS/Cap/CapHome.aspx?module=Licenses, select the license type, then select "Active" from the License Status. (Active licenses won't be older than January 1, 2018.)
Application and license fees vary depending on facility type. Consult the FAQ's "How much do application/license fees cost?" for the latest regulatory text indicating these fees.
The state has more than 360 unique medical-use and more than 510 unique adult-use cultivators. To review the two lists in their entirety, go to https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/enforcement/med-licensed-facilities and select the PDF or Excel file labeled "Cultivations" under each column.
Cultivation application and license fees vary based upon operation size. The base fee for everyone is Tier 1 (1 – 1,800 plants) - $1,500.00.
For cultivators who wish to expand their operations, the following is paid in addition to the Tier 1 fee:
- Tier 2 (1,801 – 3,600 plants) - $1,000.00
- Tier 3 (3,601 – 6,000 plants) - $2,000.00
- Tier 4 (6,001 – 10,200 plants) - $4,000.00
- Tier 5 (10,201 – 13,800 plants) - $6,000.00
- Each additional tier of 3,600 plants over Tier 5 - $1,000.00
According to Connecticut's license lookup for medical marijuana producers, the four entities are licensed to cultivate in the state:
The state is not currently accepting new applications. However, the application fees for licenses were $25,000 for the initial applications, a $75,000 registration fee, and a $75,000 renewal fee.
The state's cultivation facilities are vertically integrated with its dispensaries, i.e., dispensaries are also cultivators. The three entities operating cultivation centers in Delaware are:
- Columbia Care, LLC
- Compassionate Care Research Institute, Inc. (Newark)
- First State Compassion Center, Inc. (two locations)
These compassion centers pay a $40,000 license fee ever two years.
The state is not currently accepting new applications.
District of Columbia:
The District of Columbia allows eight cultivators to operate:
- Abatin Wellness Center Of The District Of Columbia, LLC
- Apelles Investment Management, LLC
- District Growers, LLC
- Holistic Remedies, LLC
- Montana Apothecary, LLC dba Alternative Solutions
- Organic Wellness, LLC
- Phyto Management, LLC
- VentureForth, LLC dba CenterCity Cultivation
The state is not currently accepting new applications.
The state's cultivation is vertically integrated with it its other cannabis functions, and "medical marijuana treatment centers are the only businesses allowed to grow, process or sell medical marijuana in Florida." However, vertical integration may be removed as a requirement in 2019. The state currently has 14 medical marijuana treatment centers:
- 3 Boys Farm, LLC
- Acreage Florida, Inc. dba Green Owl Pharms
- CCF HoldCo, LLC dba Columbia Care Florida
- Curaleaf Florida, LLC dba Curaleaf
- DFMMJ Investments, LLC dba Liberty Health Sciences
- Green Thumb Industries Investments, LLC dba RiSE Dispensaries
- GrowHealthy Farms Florida, LLC dba GrowHealthy
- Harvest Health & Recreation, Inc.
- Knox Management Services, LLC dba Knox Medical (Going through a name change)
- MM Enterprises, USA, LLC dba MedMen
- NuTrae, LLC dba AltMed Florida (MüV)
- Surterra Holdings, Inc. dba Surterra Wellness
- Trulieve, Inc.
- Vidacann, Ltd.
The state is not currently accepting new applications. It's application fee was reported to be $60,830.
The state of Hawaii allows for eight entities to grow and distribute medical marijuana, with each entity able to have two production centers and two dispensaries. Each production center is limited to a maximum of 5,000 cannabis plants. Those eight entities are:
- Aloha Green Holdings, Inc. dba Aloha Green Apothecary
- Green Aloha, Ltd.
- Hawaiian Ethos, LLC
- Lau Ola, LLC dba Big Island Grown (B.I.G.) Dispensaries
- Mānoa Botanicals, LLC dba Noa Botanicals
- Maui Wellness Group, LLC dba Maui Grown Therapies
- Pono Life Sciences, LLC
- TCG Retro Market 1, LLC dba Cure Oahu
The state is not currently accepting new applications. It's application fee was $5,000, initial license fee $75,000, and license renewal fee $50,000.
Illinois law allows up to 22 cultivation centers to be established in the state, with the intent being to create a center in each police district. The current cultivation centers are (some entities have centers in more than one district):
- Ataraxia, LLC
- Bedford Grow, LLC
- Compass Ventures, Inc.
- Cresco Labs, LLC
- Curative Health Cultivation, LLC dba Columbia Care Illinois
- Effingham Medicinal Farms, LLC
- GTI Oglesby LLC and GTI Rock Island, LLC
- IESO, LLC
- Illinois Grown Medicine, LLC
- In Grown Farms, LLC
- Nature’s Grace and Wellness, LLC
- PharmaCann, LLC
- Progressive Treatment Solutions, LLC
- Revolution Cannabis - Barry, LLC and Revolution Cannabis - Delavan, LLC
- Shelbyville County Community Services, Inc.
- Wellness Group Pharms, LLC
The state is not currently accepting new applications. Fees associated with a cultivation center include a $25,000 application fee, a $200,000 first-year license fee, and a $100,000 annual license fee afterwards.
Difficulties meeting laboratory testing requirements and acquisitions involving a grow operation have slowed down the progress of getting the state's growing operations started. Two growing operations are coming online in 2019, however. Those operations are:
- GBSciences, Inc., hired by Louisiana State University
- Ilera Holistic Healthcare, which bought Advanced Biomedics, originally hired by Southern University
Cultivation and manufacturing is vertically integrated with dispensaries. The state currently allows for eight such facilities, which are run by five entities:
- Canuvo, Inc.
- Northeast Patients Group dba Wellness Connection of Maine (four locations)
- Primary Organic Therapy, Inc. dba Maine Organic Therapy
- Remedy Compassion Center, Inc. dba CuraLeaf Auburn
- Safe Alternatives
Applications don't currently appear to be accepted. Registration fees were $12,000, and a moving fee of $4,000 was also required.
The state does not require vertical integration among its growers, dispensaries, and producers, but many growers may also be integrated with dispensaries, etc. Maryland currently has 14 licensed growers:
- Curio Cultivation, LLC
- Doctors Orders Maryland, LLC
- ForwardGro, LLC
- Freestate Wellness, LLC
- Green Leaf Medical, LLC
- Grow West MD, LLC
- Harvest of Maryland Cultivation, LLC
- HMS Health, LLC
- Holistic Industries, Inc.
- Kind Therapeutics USA, LLC
- Maryland Compassionate Care and Wellness, LLC dba as Grassroots Cannabis
- Shore Natural Rx, LLC
- SunMed Growers LLC
- Temescal Wellness
The state opened the application process again for growers and processors, with applications being accepted from March 25 to May 24, 2019. (Seeking to add four new growers and 10 new processors.) The state requires a $2,000 application fee and a $250,000 two-year license fee.
The state does not require vertical integration among its growers, dispensaries, and producers, but many growers may also be integrated with dispensaries, etc. Massachusetts currently has 10 licensed cultivators:
- Berkshire Roots, Inc.
- Cultivate Holdings, LLC
- Garden Remedies, Inc.
- I.N.S.A., Inc.
- New England Treatment Access, LLC
- Northeast Alternatives, Inc.
- Patriot Care Corp.
- Revolutionary Clinics II, Inc.
- Sanctuary Medicinals, Inc.
- Temescal Wellness of Massachusetts Holdings, LLC
Application and license fees vary based on how many plants are to be grown in the cultivation facility. Refer to the Cannabis Control Commission's guidance document "Guidance for Application and License Fees" for details.
The state does not require vertical integration among its growers, dispensaries, and producers, but many growers may also be integrated with dispensaries, etc. Michigan currently has 21 licensed cultivators:
- 3843 Euclid, LLC
- A & H Partners, LLC
- Adams Family Farms, LLC
- Alvarez Cultivation, LLC
- Attitude Wellness, LLC
- BlueSol Biomedical, LLC
- Choice Labs, LLC
- DJR Michigan Properties, LLC dba High Level Health
- Exclusive Brands, LLC
- Free Reign, LLC
- Golden Harvests, LLC
- Great Lakes Cultivation, LLC
- Great Lakes Natural Remedies, Inc.
- Green Peak Industries, LLC
- OrganiLife of Michigan, LLC
- Pure Green, LLC
- Redbud Roots Lab III, LLC
- R L Solutions, LLC dba Real Leaf Solutions
- SJS II, LLC
- VB Chesaning, LLC
- Vendco Michigan, Inc. dba Bigfoot Wellness
The state charges $6,000 for an application fee, as well as a "regulatory assessment" fee, which is not clear in cost (varies from $10,000 to $66,000).
The state has chosen two companies to cultivate for its medical cannabis program:
Further applications are not being accepted at this time. A $20,000 application fee was due for anyone who applied.
- Medical marijuana passed in November 2018; Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services is still sorting out the details. Businesses interested in cultivating in the state may reportedly begin applying on August 3, 2019. Licensing application fees will be $10,000.
The medical marijuana program in the state is in a bit of disarray. As Michigan-based New Leaf Cannabis Consulting puts it:
Voters re-approved medical cannabis in the state in Nov. 2016. Dispensaries were supposed to not open until June 2017, but a Montana court ruled that they may reopen immediately. Montana used to have an established medical cannabis dispensary program, but a court ruling upholding a severe state law dismantled the dispensaries, by limiting the maximum number of patients to 3; that portion of the law is now repealed.
As New Leaf also points out, the state hasn't made publicly available a list of licensed, operational dispensaries and cultivators operating under the new terms.
The current number and details of the state's licensed cultivators are unknown. Per an inquiry and a form letter emailed from the Marijuana Enforcement Division of Nevada, "the state is only permitted to release information on open dispensaries," and does not release information on current licensed cultivators. However, a list of provisional certificates awarded in November 2014 can still be found on their site, though many of the names are redacted due to confidentiality laws in the state.
Licensing fees for cultivation facilities differ based on product. Recreational marijuana cultivation has an initial $30,000 licensing fee, with renewal costs at $10,000. Medical marijuana cultivation has an initial $3,000 license, with renewal costs at $1,000.
The state vertically integrates cultivation and dispensation of medical cannabis into alternative treatment centers, with the state currently allowing for four locations run by three entities:
- Prime Alternative Treatment Centers of NH, Inc.
- Sanctuary ATC
- Temescal Wellness, Inc. (two locations)
The state doesn't appear to be accepting new applications, and it's not clear what fees applicants had to pay.
The state vertically integrates cultivation and dispensation of medical cannabis into alternative treatment centers, with the state currently allowing for six locations run by six entities:
- Breakwater Alternative Treatment Center Corp.
- CuraLeaf NJ, Inc.
- Compassionate Care Foundation, Inc.
- Garden State Dispensary
- Greenleaf Compassion Center
- Harmony Dispensary
An application period occurred in July 2018 to grant six more licenses. In December 2018, six additional providers were invited to proceed with the application process, though in February 2019 five appeals were filed by rejected applicants and an existing alternative treatment center in regards to the selected six. Due to the litigation, it's not clear if and when those six providers will become fully licensed and operational.
New Mexico vertically integrates cultivation and distribution. The state calls such licensed entities "licensed non-profit producers" (LNPPs), of which 91 locations are operational. (Go here to see the full list.)
The state is not accepting additional applications at this time. Initial application fee was $10,000, with a license fee of "thirty thousand dollars ($30,000) for the first 150 cannabis plants to be possessed by the non-profit producer, and ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each additional quantity of 50 plants thereafter to be possessed, up to a maximum collective total of 450 cannabis plants."
The state vertically integrates cultivation and dispensation of medical cannabis into registered organizations. Each registered organization can have one cultivation facility and up to four dispensaries. Those organizations are:
- Columbia Care NY, LLC
- Etain, LLC
- MedMen, Inc.
- NYCANNA, LLC dba The Botanist or Acreage NY
- PalliaTech NY, LLC dba CuraLead
- PharmaCann, LLC
- Vireo Health of New York, LLC
- Citiva Medical, LLC
- Fiorello Pharmaceuticals, Inc. dba FP Wellness
- Valley Agriceuticals, LLC dba Remedy-NY
Applications are not currently being accepted. Applications fee was $10,000, licensing fee $200,000.
The state approved two cultivation sites in 2018 for its medical marijuana program:
Additional cultivation applications don't appear to be accepted. An initial $5,000 application fee was required, and a $110,000 certification fee for a two-year license.
The state of Ohio approved 24 total cultivator licenses, 12 for Level I and 12 for Level II. They are:
- Agri-Med Ohio, LLC
- Ancient Roots, LLC
- Ascension BioMedical, LLC
- AT-CPC of Ohio, LLC
- Buckeye Relief, LLC
- Certified Cultivators
- Columbia Care OH, LLC
- Cresco Labs Ohio, LLC
- Farkas Farms, LLC
- Fire Rock Ltd.
- FN Group Holdings, LLC
- Galenas, LLC
- Greenleaf Gardens
- Grow Ohio Pharmaceuticals, LLC
- Harvest Grows, LLC
- Hemma, LLC
- Mother Grows Best, LLC
- OhiGrow, LLC
- Ohio Clean Leaf, LLC
- Ohio Grown Therapies, LLC
- OPC Cultivation, LLC
- Paragon Development Group, LLC
- Parma Wellness Center, LLC
- PharmaCann Ohio, LLC
- Pure OH, LLC
- Pure Ohio Wellness, LLC
- Riviera Creek Holdings, LLC
- Standard Wellness Company, LLC
- Terradiol Ohio, LLC (may get revoked
The state is not currently accepting applications. Application fees were $20,000 for Level I and $2,000 for Level II cultivators, with initial license fees of $180,000 and $18,000 respectively, and annual renewal fees of $200,000 and $20,000 respectively. (Level I permitted to 25,000 square feet initially, Level II to 3,000 square feet initially.)
In April 2019, the state released a document containing 118 pages of cannabis cultivators for its medical marijuana program. Consult the "List of Licensed Businesses" to view the entire list. Application/license fee is $2,500 annually.
Oregon boasts nearly 1,150 recreational cannabis cultivation licenses across its program. (Medical cannabis growers are designated by an Oregon Medical Marijuana Program.) To view the list of cultivators, go here and choose the PDF or Excel document titled "Approved Marijuana Licenses."
Application fee is $250, license fee varies depending license type ($100–$5,750).
The state initially introduced 12 grower-processor licenses with Phase I of its program. In 2018, the state issued 13 additional permits to grower-processors, taking the total to the allowed-for 25. They are:
- AES Compassionate Care, LLC dba Grassroots Cannabis
- Agri-Kind, LLC
- AGRiMED Industries of PA, LLC dba AGRiMED Ward Site
- Calypso Enterprises, LLC
- Cresco Yeltrah, LLC dba Jefferson County Grower/Processor Facility
- DocHouse, LLC
- FarmaceuticalRx, LLC
- Franklin Labs, LLC
- Green Leaf Medicals, LLC
- GTI Pennsylvania, LLC dba GTI Danville Grow/Process
- Hanging Gardens, LLC dba Iron Street
- Holistic Farms, LLC
- Ilera Healthcare, LLC
- INSA, LLC
- Maitri Genetics, LLC
- Parea BioSciences, LLC
- PennAlt Organics, Inc. dba Penn Health's Cultivation Facility
- Pennsylvania Medical Solutions, LLC
- PharmaCann Penn Plant, LLC
- Pier Cove, LLC dba Justice Grown Cultivation and Processing Center
- Prime Wellness of Pennsylvania, LLC
- PurePenn, LLC
- Standard Farms, LLC (Acquired by TILT Holdings, Inc. in January 2019)
- Terrapin Investment Fund 1, LLC dba Terrapin Care Station
- Whole Plants, LLC dba WP Health Foundry
Applications are currently not being accepted. Prior applicants paid a $10,000 application fee and $200,000 permit fee.
The state has given licenses to 46 cultivators, with 10 additional licenses pending final licensing inspection. Consult the state's approval page for the full list. The application process is currently closed. Prior applicants were required to pay a $5,000 application fee. Annual license fees vary based upon the class (grow operation size) license: Micro at $5,000, Class A at $20,000, Class B at $35,000, Class C at $50,000, and Class D at $80,000.
- Medical marijuana passed in November 2018, and the state is still working on its implementation. The Utah Department of Agriculture and Food will be responsible for managing cultivation licenses, though they have not made any updates yet (only discusses industrial hemp) on when applications will be accepted.
Vermont vertically integrates cultivation and distribution and refers to licensed entities as "dispensaries." The state has issued five dispensary registration certificates:
- Champlain Valley Dispensary, Inc. dba as Champlain Valley Dispensary
- Champlain Valley Dispensary, Inc. dba as Southern Vermont Wellness
- FWR, Inc. dba Grassroots Vermont
- Phytoscience Institute, LLC dba PhytoCare Vermont
- Vermont Patients Alliance, Inc.
The state has said it plans on opening the application process to a sixth dispensary once patient count reaches 7000 (which could happen in 2019). Application fees were $2,500 and license fees set at $20,000. Annual renewal fee is $30,000.
The state has more than 1,000 active production licenses issued. To view the entire list, select the "Marijuana License Applicants" link on the Frequently Requested Lists page. The state is not accepting new applications at this time. Application fees were $250, with an annual $1,480 annual license fee for producers.
- The state is still working on developing its medical cannabis program due to unanticipated delays, particularly with finding banking solutions for the program. The Bureau for Public Health indicates that it plans on issuing no more than 10 permits for cultivators. The initial application fee will be $5,000 and the permit fee $50,000. The application period should open sometime in 2019.