Difference between revisions of "Laboratory execution system"

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A '''laboratory execution system''' or '''LES''' is a "computer system employed in the [[laboratory]] at the analyst work level to aid in step enforcement for laboratory test method execution," according to the 2007 Annual Book of ASTM Standards.<ref name="LES_ASTM">{{cite book |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=znlGAAAAYAAJ&q=%22laboratory+execution+system%22&dq=%22laboratory+execution+system%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YKUiUbHrE4O9ywHH_YC4BA&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAA |title=Annual Book of ASTM Standards 2007 |author=American Society for Testing and Materials |year=2007 |publisher=ASTM |page=296 |isbn=0803142765}}</ref> The general purpose of the LES is to direct the user to follow specific steps to ensure the rigidity of the test method and and the process' end results, though alternate workflow routes may be applied in specific circumstances. The LES may encompass this functionality and more, including tasks like enforcing [[ELN feature#Document creation and management|standard operating procedures]] (SOPs), [[ELN feature#Data validation|validating]] calculations and instrument interfaces, and acquiring or importing procedural data from other systems into one common system.<ref name="SciCompQAQC">{{cite journal |url=http://www.thefreelibrary.com/QA%2FQC%3A+ELNs+have+come+a+long+way%3A+realizing+the+full+potential+of...-a0272245303 |journal=Scientific Computing |issue=1 |volume=28 |pages=19 |title=QA/QC: ELNs Have Come a Long Way |author=Metrick, Gloria |year=January 2011 |accessdate=18 February 2013}}</ref>
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A '''laboratory execution system''' or '''LES''' is a "computer system employed in the [[laboratory]] at the analyst work level to aid in step enforcement for laboratory test method execution," according to the 2007 Annual Book of ASTM Standards.<ref name="LES_ASTM">{{cite book |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=znlGAAAAYAAJ&q=%22laboratory+execution+system%22&dq=%22laboratory+execution+system%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YKUiUbHrE4O9ywHH_YC4BA&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAA |title=Annual Book of ASTM Standards 2007 |author=American Society for Testing and Materials |year=2007 |publisher=ASTM |page=296 |isbn=0803142765}}</ref> The general purpose of the LES is to direct the user to follow specific steps to ensure the rigidity of the test method and and the process' end results, though alternate workflow routes may be applied in specific circumstances. The LES may encompass this functionality and more, including tasks like enforcing [[ELN feature#Document creation and management|standard operating procedures]] (SOPs), [[ELN feature#Data validation|validating]] calculations and instrument interfaces, and acquiring or importing procedural data from other systems into one common system.<ref name="SciCompQAQC">{{cite journal |url=https://www.thefreelibrary.com/QA%2FQC%3A+ELNs+have+come+a+long+way%3A+realizing+the+full+potential+of...-a0272245303 |journal=Scientific Computing |issue=1 |volume=28 |pages=19 |title=QA/QC: ELNs Have Come a Long Way |author=Metrick, G. |year=January 2011 |accessdate=21 March 2020}}</ref>
  
For some, an LES may be considered a sub-branch of an [[electronic laboratory notebook]] (ELN) specifically made for laboratories engaging in quality control and quality assurance applications<ref name="SciCompQAQC" /><ref name="GITELNArt">{{cite journal |url=http://www.industriallabautomation.com/attachments/File/201111ELN-Mans-Many-Things-To-Many-People-GIT-Verlag-GLJ11-1211P.pdf |journal=G.I.T. Laboratory Journal |issue=11-12 |volume=2011 |pages=14–16 |title=Electronic Laboratory Notebooks: ELN Means Many Things to Many People |author=Boogaard, Peter; Pijanowski, Patrick |year=Nov-Dec 2011 |accessdate=18 February 2013}}</ref><ref name="LabAnswLES">{{cite web |url=http://www.labanswer.com/electronic-lab-notebook-QC-R&D.asp |title=QC and R&D Electronic Lab Notebook Systems |publisher=LabAnswer.com |accessdate=18 February 2013}}</ref>, while others may consider it simply a separate set of functionality which may be found in an ELN or a [[laboratory information management system|LIMS]].<ref name="GITELNArt" /><ref name="LES_LIPost">{{cite web |url=http://www.linkedin.com/groups/Is-Lab-Execution-System-just-2069898.S.200530950 |title=Is a Lab Execution System just another name for a LIMS? |author=Jones, John |publisher=LinkedIn |date=January 2013 |accessdate=18 February 2013}}</ref> Some in the industry suggest the term "laboratory execution system" is a vendor-led morphing of the "method execution system," which was originally designed "to address the problem of standard operating procedure (SOP) compliance."<ref name="RoadmapClearELN">{{cite journal |url=http://www.scientificcomputing.com/article-in-Roadmap-to-a-Clear-Definition-of-ELN-051509.aspx |journal=Scientific Computing |issue=3 |volume=26 |pages=E11 |title=Roadmap to a Clear Definition of ELN |author=Hice, Randy C. |year=May 2009 |accessdate=18 February 2013}}</ref>
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For some, an LES may be considered a sub-branch of an [[electronic laboratory notebook]] (ELN) specifically made for laboratories engaging in quality control and quality assurance applications<ref name="SciCompQAQC" /><ref name="GITELNArt">{{cite journal |url=http://www.industriallabautomation.com/attachments/File/201111ELN-Mans-Many-Things-To-Many-People-GIT-Verlag-GLJ11-1211P.pdf |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170328012245/http://www.industriallabautomation.com/attachments/File/201111ELN-Mans-Many-Things-To-Many-People-GIT-Verlag-GLJ11-1211P.pdf |journal=G.I.T. Laboratory Journal |issue=11-12 |volume=2011 |pages=14–16 |title=Electronic Laboratory Notebooks: ELN Means Many Things to Many People |author=Boogaard, Peter; Pijanowski, Patrick |year=Nov-Dec 2011 |archivedate=28 March 2017 |accessdate=21 March 2020}}</ref><ref name="LabAnswLES">{{cite web |url=http://labanswer.com/electronic-laboratory-notebooks-laboratory-execution-systems.asp |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131012115959/http://labanswer.com/electronic-laboratory-notebooks-laboratory-execution-systems.asp |title=The Full Life-Cycle Development and Implementation of ELN/LES Systems |publisher=LabAnswer.com |archivedate=12 October 2013 |accessdate=21 March 2020}}</ref>, while others may consider it simply a separate set of functionality which may be found in an ELN or a [[laboratory information management system|LIMS]].<ref name="GITELNArt" /><ref name="LES_LIPost">{{cite web |url=https://www.limsforum.com/forum/is-a-lab-execution-system-just-another-name-for-a-lims/ |title=Is a Lab Execution System just another name for a LIMS? |author=Jones, J. |publisher=LIMSforum |date=January 2013 |accessdate=21 March 2020}}</ref> Some in the industry suggest the term "laboratory execution system" is a vendor-led morphing of the "method execution system," which was originally designed "to address the problem of standard operating procedure (SOP) compliance."<ref name="RoadmapClearELN">{{cite journal |url=http://www.scientificcomputing.com/article-in-Roadmap-to-a-Clear-Definition-of-ELN-051509.aspx |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120814161250/http://www.scientificcomputing.com/article-in-Roadmap-to-a-Clear-Definition-of-ELN-051509.aspx |journal=Scientific Computing |issue=3 |volume=26 |pages=E11 |title=Roadmap to a Clear Definition of ELN |author=Hice, Randy C. |year=May 2009 |archivedate=14 August 2012 |accessdate=21 March 2020}}</ref>
  
 
In France, the English word "Middleware" is used to define a LES.
 
In France, the English word "Middleware" is used to define a LES.

Latest revision as of 22:49, 21 March 2020

A laboratory execution system or LES is a "computer system employed in the laboratory at the analyst work level to aid in step enforcement for laboratory test method execution," according to the 2007 Annual Book of ASTM Standards.[1] The general purpose of the LES is to direct the user to follow specific steps to ensure the rigidity of the test method and and the process' end results, though alternate workflow routes may be applied in specific circumstances. The LES may encompass this functionality and more, including tasks like enforcing standard operating procedures (SOPs), validating calculations and instrument interfaces, and acquiring or importing procedural data from other systems into one common system.[2]

For some, an LES may be considered a sub-branch of an electronic laboratory notebook (ELN) specifically made for laboratories engaging in quality control and quality assurance applications[2][3][4], while others may consider it simply a separate set of functionality which may be found in an ELN or a LIMS.[3][5] Some in the industry suggest the term "laboratory execution system" is a vendor-led morphing of the "method execution system," which was originally designed "to address the problem of standard operating procedure (SOP) compliance."[6]

In France, the English word "Middleware" is used to define a LES.

References

  1. American Society for Testing and Materials (2007). Annual Book of ASTM Standards 2007. ASTM. p. 296. ISBN 0803142765. https://books.google.com/books?id=znlGAAAAYAAJ&q=%22laboratory+execution+system%22&dq=%22laboratory+execution+system%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YKUiUbHrE4O9ywHH_YC4BA&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAA. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Metrick, G. (January 2011). "QA/QC: ELNs Have Come a Long Way". Scientific Computing 28 (1): 19. https://www.thefreelibrary.com/QA%2FQC%3A+ELNs+have+come+a+long+way%3A+realizing+the+full+potential+of...-a0272245303. Retrieved 21 March 2020. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Boogaard, Peter; Pijanowski, Patrick (Nov-Dec 2011). "Electronic Laboratory Notebooks: ELN Means Many Things to Many People". G.I.T. Laboratory Journal 2011 (11-12): 14–16. Archived from the original on 28 March 2017. https://web.archive.org/web/20170328012245/http://www.industriallabautomation.com/attachments/File/201111ELN-Mans-Many-Things-To-Many-People-GIT-Verlag-GLJ11-1211P.pdf. Retrieved 21 March 2020. 
  4. "The Full Life-Cycle Development and Implementation of ELN/LES Systems". LabAnswer.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20131012115959/http://labanswer.com/electronic-laboratory-notebooks-laboratory-execution-systems.asp. Retrieved 21 March 2020. 
  5. Jones, J. (January 2013). "Is a Lab Execution System just another name for a LIMS?". LIMSforum. https://www.limsforum.com/forum/is-a-lab-execution-system-just-another-name-for-a-lims/. Retrieved 21 March 2020. 
  6. Hice, Randy C. (May 2009). "Roadmap to a Clear Definition of ELN". Scientific Computing 26 (3): E11. Archived from the original on 14 August 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120814161250/http://www.scientificcomputing.com/article-in-Roadmap-to-a-Clear-Definition-of-ELN-051509.aspx. Retrieved 21 March 2020.