Difference between revisions of "Template:Article of the week"

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<div style="float: left; margin: 0.5em 0.9em 0.4em 0em;">[[File:Fig1 Khare eGEMs2019 7-1.png|240px]]</div>
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<div style="float: left; margin: 0.5em 0.9em 0.4em 0em;">[[File:Fig0 Cardenia JofFoodDrugAnal2018 26-4.jpg|240px]]</div>
'''"[[Journal:Design and refinement of a data quality assessment workflow for a large pediatric research network|Design and refinement of a data quality assessment workflow for a large pediatric research network]]"'''
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'''"[[Journal:Development and validation of a fast gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the determination of cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L|Development and validation of a fast gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the determination of cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L]]"'''
  
Clinical data research networks (CDRNs) aggregate [[electronic health record]] (EHR) data from multiple hospitals to enable large-scale research. A critical operation toward building a CDRN is conducting continual evaluations to optimize [[wikipedia:Data quality|data quality]]. The key challenges include determining the assessment coverage on big datasets, handling data variability over time, and facilitating communication with data teams. This study presents the evolution of a systematic workflow for data quality assessment in CDRNs.
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A routine method for determining [[wikipedia:Cannabinoid|cannabinoids]] in ''Cannabis sativa'' L. [[wikipedia:Inflorescence|inflorescence]], based on fast [[gas chromatography]] coupled to [[mass spectrometry]] (fast GC-MS), was developed and validated. To avoid the [[wikipedia:Decarboxylation|decarboxylation]] of the carboxyl group of cannabinoids, different derivatization approaches—i.e., silylation and esterification (diazomethane-mediated) reagents and solvents (pyridine or ethyl acetate)—were tested. The methylation significantly increased the signal-to-noise ratio of all carboxylic cannabinoids, except for cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). Since [[wikipedia:Diazomethane|diazomethane]] is not commercially available, is considered a hazardous reactive, and requires one-day synthesis by specialized chemical staff, the process of silylation was used along the entire validation of a routine method. The method gave a fast (total analysis time < 7.0 min) and satisfactory resolution (R > 1.1), with a good repeatability (intraday < 8.38%; interday < 11.10%) and sensitivity (LOD < 11.20 ng/mL). ('''[[Journal:Development and validation of a fast gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the determination of cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L|Full article...]]''')<br />
 
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Using a specific CDRN as a use case, a workflow was iteratively developed and packaged into a toolkit. The resultant toolkit comprises 685 data quality checks to identify any data quality issues, procedures to reconciliate with a history of known issues, and a contemporary GitHub-based reporting mechanism for organized tracking.
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During the first two years of network development, the toolkit assisted in discovering over 800 data characteristics and resolving over 1400 programming errors. Longitudinal analysis indicated that the variability in time to resolution (15day mean, 24day IQR) is due to the underlying cause of the issue, perceived importance of the domain, and the complexity of assessment. ('''[[Journal:Design and refinement of a data quality assessment workflow for a large pediatric research network|Full article...]]''')<br />
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Revision as of 17:13, 9 December 2019

Fig0 Cardenia JofFoodDrugAnal2018 26-4.jpg

"Development and validation of a fast gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the determination of cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L"

A routine method for determining cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L. inflorescence, based on fast gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (fast GC-MS), was developed and validated. To avoid the decarboxylation of the carboxyl group of cannabinoids, different derivatization approaches—i.e., silylation and esterification (diazomethane-mediated) reagents and solvents (pyridine or ethyl acetate)—were tested. The methylation significantly increased the signal-to-noise ratio of all carboxylic cannabinoids, except for cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). Since diazomethane is not commercially available, is considered a hazardous reactive, and requires one-day synthesis by specialized chemical staff, the process of silylation was used along the entire validation of a routine method. The method gave a fast (total analysis time < 7.0 min) and satisfactory resolution (R > 1.1), with a good repeatability (intraday < 8.38%; interday < 11.10%) and sensitivity (LOD < 11.20 ng/mL). (Full article...)

Recently featured:

Design and refinement of a data quality assessment workflow for a large pediatric research network
Identification of Cannabis sativa L. (hemp) retailers by means of multivariate analysis of cannabinoids
Data sharing at scale: A heuristic for affirming data cultures