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DSpace logo.png
Developer(s) DuraSpace
Initial release November 4, 2002 (2002-11-04)[1][2]
Stable release

7.4  (October 6, 2022; 3 months ago (2022-10-06))

Preview release 7.0 Beta 5  (April 15, 2021; 21 months ago (2021-04-15)) [±]
Written in Java
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Education software
Institutional repository software
License(s) BSD License
Website www.dspace.org

DSpace is a free open-source software package that provides the tools for management of digital assets, and is commonly used as the basis for an institutional repository. It supports a wide variety of data, including books, theses, 3D digital scans of objects, photographs, film, video, research data sets, and other forms of content. The data is arranged as community collections of items, which bundle bit streams together.

DSpace is also intended as a platform for digital preservation activities. Since its release in November 2002, as a product of the HP-MIT Alliance, it has been installed and is in production at hundreds of institutions around the world, with over 1250 known live DSpace repositories as of March 2012.[3] It is shared under a BSD licence, which enables users to customize or extend the software as needed.

The "D" in "DSpace" stands for "durable, digital, documents."[4]

Product history

DSpace evolved from a "mutual need of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's (MIT) libraries and researchers to preserve digital work."[5] Preliminary work on achieving such a goal began in 1998, with Hewlett-Packard (HP) kicking in a $1.8 million grant to launch the project.[2] This eventually led to a five-year, $25 million partnership between MIT and HP Labs, called the HP-MIT Alliance, with HP software developers, MIT administrators, and a faculty advisory committee beginning system development in the spring of 2002.[5] On November 4, 2002, the alliance announced its first public release of version 1.0 of software they dubbed as DSpace.[1][2][4] Along with MIT, it was planned that seven other universities would go online with the system by early 2003: Cambridge, Columbia, Cornell, Ohio State, and the universities of Rochester, Toronto, and Washington.[4] By July 2003, MIT estimated DSpace had been downloaded 3,400 times and was aware of 100 research institutions evaluating the software.[6]

In March 2004 the first-ever DSpace Federation User Group Meeting took place at Hotel@MIT in Cambridge, Massachusets, and it was there that the first discussions concerning the DSpace community and its future governance were discussed in earnest.[7] During the meetings long-term governance of the project outside of HP and MIT was discussed, with one of the first steps being to transfer mailing lists and other DSpace Federation services from the mit.edu domain to the dspace.org domain.[8] The DSpace Federation went on to form a loose grouping of interested institutions, while the DSpace Committers group was formed shortly after, consisting of five developers from HP Labs, MIT, the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC), University of Cambridge, and University of Edinburgh. Later two further developers from Australian National University and Texas A&M University also joined this group.

DSpace 1.3 was released on October 9, 2005[1], and at around the same time the second DSpace User Group Meeting was held at the University of Cambridge. Following this, two further smaller user group meetings were spawned, the first in January and February of 2006 in Sydney, and the second in April 2006 in Bergen, Norway.

On July 17, 2007, HP and MIT jointly announced the formation of the DSpace Foundation, a non-profit organization providing leadership and support for the DSpace community.[9] At the time of the announcement, more than 200 institutions were reported to have been using DSpace.[10]

In March 2008, the DSpace Community released DSpace 1.5.[1] A further user group meeting was held at the University of Gothenburg in October 2009, with more than 500 installations of DSpace being reported at the time.[11]

In March 2010, DSpace 1.6 was released, closely followed by the 1.7 release in December 2010.[1]

On December 16, 2013, version 4.0 was released, featuring a new REST API module based on JAX RS 1 and a new bootstrap-based default look and feel.[12]


The DSpace spec sheet, with features and other information, can be downloaded here.

Hardware/software requirements

A DSpace installation requires several third-party components, though configurations can vary. Consult the Installation notes for version 1.8 for more information.

Videos, screenshots, and other media

DSpace training materials can be found on the DSpace site.

An online demo of DSpace can be found here.

Entities using Magento

Examples of entities using DSpace include:

Canadian Breast Cancer Reseach Alliance; Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology; Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa; Health Systems Research Institute; International Development Reseach Center; Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute; Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole Ocenographic Institution; Marine Institute, Ireland; Medicine Sans Frontier; Mote Marine Laboratory; National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, India; National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan; National Laboratory of Energy and Geology, Portugal; Tariawn Agricultural Research Institute, Tiawan

A full directory of DSpace users can be found at the DSpace website.

Further reading

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "DSpaceResources - Documentation and Guides". DSpace Wiki. DuraSpace. 12 March 2012. https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/DSPACE/DSpaceResources#DSpaceResources-DSpaceSystemDocumentation. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Howe, Peter J. (4 November 2002). "MIT to create digital library". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 4 November 2002. http://web.archive.org/web/20021104220717/http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/308/business/MIT_to_create_digital_library+.shtml. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  3. "DSpace Registry". DuraSpace. http://www.dspace.org/whos-using-dspace/Repository-List.html. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 O'Neill, Robert (4 November 2002). "UW among partners in digital library". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://www.seattlepi.com/business/article/UW-among-partners-in-digital-library-1100104.php. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Atwood, Sally (November 2012). "MIT's Superarchive". Technology Review 104 (12). http://www.technologyreview.com/business/13015/page1/. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  6. Marx, Vivien (3 August 2003). "In DSpace, Ideas Are Forever". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2003/08/03/edlife/03EDTECH.html. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  7. "DSpace User Group Meeting Overview - March 10-11, 2004". HP-MIT Alliance. Archived from the original on 7 June 2004. http://web.archive.org/web/20040607100412/http://www.dspace.org/conference/conference.html. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  8. Smith, MacKenzie (19 March 2004). "User Group Meeting Summary and Outcomes". HP-MIT Alliance. Archived from the original on 8 June 2004. http://web.archive.org/web/20040608213228/http://www.dspace.org/conference/meetingsummary.html. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  9. "HP and MIT Create Non-profit Organization to Support Growing Community of DSpace Users". Hewlett-Packard. 17 July 2007. http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/2007/070717a.html. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  10. Gardner, W. David (18 July 2007). "DSpace Foundation Created To Digitally Preserve Research Collections". Information Week. http://www.informationweek.com/news/201002070. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  11. "DSpace User Group Meeting 2009 - University of Gothenburg - October 14, 2009 – October 16, 2009". DSpace Foundation. Archived from the original on 30 April 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090430190511/http://dsug09.ub.gu.se/index.php/dsug/dsug09. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  12. Wood, Mark (18 December 2013). "NOW AVAILABLE: DSpace 4.0–New REST API, SWORDv2 Module Update, JSPUI Look and Feel+++". DSpace Foundation. http://duraspace.org/now-available-dspace-40–new-rest-api-swordv2-module-update-jspui-look-and-feel. Retrieved 07 January 2014.