Electronic data interchange

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Electronic data interchange (EDI) is the structured transmission of data between organizations by electronic means. It is used for making secure electronic business transactions from one trading partner system to another, without human intervention.[1]

In 1996, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) defined electronic data interchange as "the computer-to-computer interchange of strictly formatted messages that represent documents other than monetary instruments ... The formatted data representing the documents may be transmitted from originator to recipient via telecommunications or physically transported on electronic storage media."[2]

Examples of EDI standards include:

  • UN/EDIFACT, an international standard
  • ANSI X12, developed by the ASC (Accredited Standards Committee)
  • TRADACOMS, developed by the ANA (Article Numbering Association, now known as GS1)
  • ODETTE, used within the European automotive industry

External links


  1. "Beginners Guide to EDI X12 (including HIPAA)" (PDF). Etasoft Inc. 16 May 2011. http://www.xtranslator.com/prod/beginguidex12.pdf. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  2. Kantor, Michael; Burrows, James H. (29 April 1996). "Announcing the Standard for Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)". National Institute of Standards and Technology. http://www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/fip161-2.htm. Retrieved 11 October 2012.