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Magento logo.png
Developer(s) Adobe Inc.
Initial release March 31, 2008 (2008-03-31)[1][2]
Stable release

2.4.6  (March 14, 2023; 2 months ago (2023-03-14))

Preview release none [±]
Written in PHP
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Content management software
eCommerce software
License(s) Open Software License v3

Magento Open Source is an eCommerce and content management web application most often used to create and manage online storefronts. Developer Adobe, Inc. offers a free open-source version called Magento Open Source, as well as a commercial proprietary version, Adobe Commerce.

Product history

Los Angeles-based company Varien (now Magento Inc.) was working on an eCommerce application called osCommerce in the 2000s. With aspirations of establishing a unique e-commerce application, Varien initially decided to create a fork of their osCommerce project, but later decided to write an entirely new system under the Zend Framework instead.[3][4] Dubbing the new project "Magento," development officially began in early 2007.[5][3] Seven months later, on August 31, 2007, the first public beta version was released,[6][2] with an official 1.0 release arriving at the end of March 2008.[1][2]

On June 1, 2010, the company announced a beta launch of Magento Mobile, a tool that allows store owners to create native mobile storefront apps.[7] The public launch of Magento Mobile followed in September 2010.[8]

In February 2011, online auction business eBay publicly announced its subsidiary PayPal had invested in a 49 percent stake of Magento a year earlier. At that time Magento cofounder and CEO Roy Rubin stated eBay's investment would stay at 49 percent and Magento would continue to "operate independently."[9] However, by June 2011 eBay announced it had acquired a 100 percent stake in Magento, likely to be finalized by close of the third quarter of 2011.[10]

Work began in late 2011 on Magento 2, with an initial commit for the project being uploaded to GitHub on November 30, 2011.[11]

As of February 2, 2012, Magento has passed four million downloads of its software platform.[12] In February 2013, Tom Robertshaw, co-owner of eCommerce development company Meanbee, announced the results of an eCommerce survey which found 26 percent of the 34,864 eCommerce sites detected use Magento, an almost 11 percent increase from October 2012.[13]

On September 25, 2013, version 1.8 of the Community Edition was released, featuring enhanced tax calculations, faster page loading in checkout, and an improved administrative panel.[14] Despite acquisition by eBay, rumors of continued development of the software to a version 2.0 continued after the release of 1.8.[15]

On June 19, 2018, Adobe, Inc. announced it had completed the acquisition of Magento. The acquisition was justified by noting "As a part of Adobe, we see a tremendous business opportunity to power experience-driven commerce for brands and merchants of all sizes."[16] As of January 2023, the commercial, proprietary version is offered as Adobe Commerce, while the open-source community version is offered as Magento Open Source.


The main features of Magento Open Source include[17]:

  • a persistent shopping cart
  • flexible pricing rules
  • support for multiple stores/website views
  • catalog management
  • extensibility
  • support for instant purchases
  • site search
  • WYSIWYG page builder

The commercial Adobe Commerce version offers even more features. You can make product comparisons on their website.

Hardware/software requirements

An Apache web server, PHP installation (with extensions), MySQL installation, and a valid SSL certificate are needed for a proper installation.

Please consult the website for a complete list of system requirements and installation tips, as requirements may change with updated versions.

Videos, screenshots, and other media

Training resources

Entities using Magento

Further reading

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Kendall, Ross (31 March 2008). "Magento 1.0 released! - Open Source E-Commerce Evolved". Kendall Ross. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Download Magento Community". Magento Inc. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 McCombs, Adam; Robert Bahn (2009). The Definitive Guide to Magento. Apress. p. 4. ISBN 1430272295. 
  4. Watson, Kerry (17 January 2008). "osCommerce: The Industry's Past, Present and Future". ECommerce-Guide. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  5. "Interview: Roy Rubin about Magento Open Source eCommerce". eCommerce Optimization. 5 July 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  6. "Magento : Solution Open source de e-commerce". WebTicInfo. 17 September 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  7. "Magento Announces Magento Mobile". BusinessWire. 1 June 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  8. Schulz, Tim (8 September 2010). "Magento Mobile Launches Today!". Magento Inc. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  9. Steiner, Ina (11 February 2011). "eBay's 49 Percent Investment in Magento Revealed at Analyst Day". Retrieved 01 June 2013. 
  10. Steiner, Ina (6 June 2011). "eBay Acquires Magento and Launches Open-Commerce Brand, X.Commerce". Retrieved 01 June 2013. 
  11. "Commit History - magento/magento2". GitHub. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  12. "Magento Announces 4 Million Downloads". Commative. 2 February 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  13. Robertshaw, Tom (27 March 2013). "Feb 2013 eCommerce Survey". Retrieved 01 June 2013. 
  14. Kaminski, Piotr (25 September 2013). "Magento Community Edition Now Available!". Magento, Inc. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  15. Stubbings, Richard (2 October 2013). "Magento 1.8 Is Here: Upgrade or Not?". Practical Ecommerce. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  16. "Adobe Completes Acquisition of Magento Commerce". Adobe, Inc. 19 June 2018. Retrieved 03 January 2023. 
  17. "Adobe Commerce - Open Source". Adobe, Inc. Retrieved 03 January 2023.