National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIAID logo
Agency overview
Formed December 29, 1955[1]
Jurisdiction United States
Headquarters 5601 Fishers Lane, MSC 9806, Bethesda, Maryland
Agency executive Anthony S. Fauci, Director
Parent agency U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is one of 11 operating divisions that are part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIAID conducts basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases. The institute also works closely with partners in academia, industry, government, and non-governmental organizations in multifaceted and multidisciplinary efforts to address emerging health challenges to the U.S. Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., has acted as the director of NIAID since 1984.[2]

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has large intramural laboratories in Bethesda, Maryland and in Montana, and it funds research conducted by scientists at institutions in the United States and throughout the world.


In 1887, officials of the Marine Hospital Service on Staten Island, New York (now the Bayley Seton Hospital) decided to open a research laboratory to study the link between microscopic organisms and infectious diseases. Dr. Joseph J. Kinyoun, a medical officer with the Marine Hospital Service, was selected to create this laboratory, which he called a "laboratory of hygiene."

[3][4] Kinyoun's lab was renamed the Hygienic Laboratory in 1891 and moved to Washington, D.C., where Congress authorized it to investigate "infectious and contagious diseases and matters pertaining to the public health."[5]

On May 26, 1930, the Hygienic Laboratory was re-designated as the National Institute of Health by the Ransdell Act and was given $750,000 to construct two NIH buildings. Over the next few decades, Congress would increase its funding tremendously to the NIH, and various institutes and centers within the NIH were created for specific research programs. In 1948, with the creation of four new institutes, the NIH became the "National Institutes of Health." Among these was the National Microbiology Institute, formed from the Rocky Mountain Laboratory, Biologics Control Laboratory, and the NIH Divisions of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Diseases.[6] In 1955, Congress changed the name of the National Microbiological Institute to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to reflect the inclusion of allergy and immunology research. That change became effective on December 29, 1955.[1]

Technology and products


LabShare is a collaborative ELN-like platform for translational research. The software "provides a multifaceted communication and collaboration hub for your facility, allowing you to create rich content and manage digital assets."[7] LabShare was originally built for and designed by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases' Research Technology Branch. The software was later made available to other NIH-related labs and later still to "[a]ny research facility that needs the ability to easily manage its instruments, projects, experiments, samples, reagents and their research data."[7] The software seems to be at least partially developed through an independent company called Axle Informatics, LLC.[8]

The website for LabShare went dark sometime in mid- to late 2018.[9] It's not clear what its fate is, though Axle Informatics still mentions the software on its website.[8] Additional, modules for LabShare seem to be available (and actively developed) on GitHub.[10]


Product: LabShare
Experiment, collaboration,
and data management
Chemical and/or mathematical drawing and calculation?
Chemical and/or spectrum file support?
Task and event scheduling?
Option for manual result entry?
Multiple data viewing methods?Y[7]
Data and trend analysis?Y[7]
Data and equipment sharing?Y[7]
Customizable fields and/or interface?
Configurable templates and forms?
Query capability?
Import data?
Internal file or data linking?Y[7]
External file or data linking?Y[7]
Export data to MS Excel?
Raw data management?
Data warehouse?Y[7]
Project and/or task management?Y[7]
Inventory management?Y[7]
Document creation and/or management?Y[7]
Lab and/or group management?Y[7]
Experiment management?Y[7]
Workflow management?Y[7]
Customer and supplier management?Y[7]
Quality, security, and compliance
Regulatory compliance?
QA / QC functions?
Performance evaluation?
Audit trail?
Chain of custody?
Configurable roles and security?Y[7]
Data normalization?
Data validation?
Data encryption?
Electronic signatures?
Version control?
Automatic data backup?
Reporting, barcoding, and printing
Custom reporting?
Report printing?
Label support?
Barcode support?
Export to PDF?
Export to MS Word?
Export to HTML and/or XML?
Email integration?
Base functionality
Administrator management?Y[7]
Instrument interfacing and management?Y[7]
Mobile device integration?
Third-party software integration?
Alarms and/or alerts?
External monitoring?
Web client or portal?
Online or integrated help?
Software as a service delivery model?
Usage-based cost?
Industries served
biotechnology, clinical research, life sciences


Though LabShare is available to research facilities outside the NIH, it's not clear at what cost. The NIH does state, however, that it's available at no cost to any NIH intramural research facility.[7]

Demonstration videos and other media

Additional information

Further reading


  1. 1.0 1.1 "443.7 Records of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases 1912-62". Records of the National Institutes of Health [NIH]. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 03 November 2015. 
  2. "About the Director". National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. 20 July 2015. Retrieved 03 November 2015. 
  3. "History of NIAID". National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 03 November 2015. 
  4. Luiggi, Cristina (4 June 2011). "One-Man NIH, 1887". The Scientist. LabX Media Group. Retrieved 03 November 2015. 
  5. Mintzer, Richard (2002). The National Institutes of Health. Chelsea House Pub. pp. 64. ISBN 9780791067932. Retrieved 03 November 2015. 
  6. "Chronology of Events". The NIH Almanac. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 03 November 2015. 
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 "LabShare". National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 03 November 2015. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Biomedical Research, Computing & Informatics". Axle Informatics, LLC. Retrieved 10 October 2019. 
  9. "Collaborative platform for translational research". National Institutes of Health. Archived from the original on 25 April 2018. Retrieved 06 January 2019. 
  10. "LabShare". GitHub. GitHub, Inc. Retrieved 10 October 2019.