United States National Library of Medicine
|United States National Library of Medicine|
|Formed||1836 as the Library of the Office of the Surgeon General of the Army|
|Headquarters||8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland|
|Agency executive||Patricia Flatley Brennan, Director|
|Parent agency||National Institutes of Health|
The United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), operated by the United States federal government, is an institute within the National Institutes of Health, located in Bethesda, Maryland. Its collections include more than seven million books, scientific journals, technical reports, manuscripts, microfilms, photographs, and images on medicine and related sciences, including some of the world's oldest and rarest works. As such the NLM is recognized as the world's largest medical library.
The precursor of the National Library of Medicine, established in 1836, was the Library of the Office of the Surgeon General of the Army. The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology and its Medical Museum were founded in 1862 as the Army Medical Museum. Throughout their history the Library of the Surgeon General's Office and the Army Medical Museum often shared quarters. From 1866 to 1887, they were housed in Ford's Theatre after production there was stopped, following the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.
In 1956, the library collection was transferred from the control of the U.S. Department of Defense to the U.S. Public Health Service of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and renamed the National Library of Medicine, through the instrumentality of Frank Bradway Rogers, who was the director from 1956 to 1963. The library moved to its current quarters in Bethesda, Maryland, on the campus of the National Institutes of Health, in 1962.
Health and clinical informatics
The following health/clinical informatics options exist for potential students:
- Fellowship Programs in Medical, Clinical, and Oral Health Informatics
- The associated Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications posts a number of fellowships, rotations, and internships in the fields of medical, clinical, and oral health informatics. Consult the program URL for more information.
- Available online? No
- Program URL: https://lhncbc.nlm.nih.gov/LHC-about/training-program.html
- Training Programs in Biomedical Informatics
- The National Library of Medicine offers a number of university-based biomedical informatics research training programs across the United States. Consult the program URL for more information.
- Available online? No
- Program URL: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/ep/GrantTrainInstitute.html
- "A Brief History of NLM". National Institutes of Health. 11 December 2015. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/about/briefhistory.html. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- "175 Years: Our Milestones". National Institutes of Health. 15 March 2011. https://apps.nlm.nih.gov/175/milestones.cfm. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- DeBakey, M.E. (1991). "The National Library of Medicine: Evolution of a premier information center". JAMA 266 (9): 1252–8. doi:10.1001/jama.266.9.1252. PMID 1870251.