Book:COVID-19 Testing, Reporting, and Information Management in the Laboratory

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COVID-19 Testing, Reporting, and Information Management in the Laboratory, Fall 2021 Edition
By Shawn E. Douglas
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Title: COVID-19 Testing, Reporting, and Information Management in the Laboratory

Edition: Fall 2021

Author for citation: Shawn E. Douglas

License for content: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International

Publication date: September 2021

This guide discusses the evolving status of laboratory testing, reporting, and information management for the COVID-19 disease and pandemic. The focus is primarily on testing and reporting in the United States, but other parts of the world are also addressed. It also examines the disease's history, what makes it difficult to combat, and what diagnostic testing methods are currently available. Additionally, the guide examines what testing workflow for COVID-19 is like, along with the equipment, software, and reporting required by testing labs, as well as additional benefits and challenges of laboratory informatics in disease testing and public health. This guide closes with final remarks, as well as a listing of associated resources, including guidance documents, web portals, and key reading.

This guide is published in a time when information about COVID-19 and the SARS-CoV-2 virus is still changing rapidly. An attempt to make small, incremental updates to the guide will be made as the state of reasearch and testing continues to shift. November's Fall 2020 edition brought with it a number of small additions and updates, including updates on statistics, long-term health issues, testing guidance, available test kits, coding and reporting issues, interoperability, and contact tracing, among other topics. The latest Fall 2021 edition significantly adds to the history and impact section, updates some of the challenges to disease management, heavily revises testing methods and their implementation in the lab, and broadly updates statistics, reporting requirements, and other historical data. It also adds section 3.1.6 Multiplex testing and 3.1.7 Variant testing. (To see the original document, with references, see here.)

About this book
1. Overview of COVID-19 and its challenges
1.1 COVID-19: The terminology
1.2 COVID-19: History and impact (so far)
1.3 Challenges of managing the disease in the human population
2. Diagnostic testing of COVID-19 and other coronaviruses
2.1 Testing terminology
2.2 Testing conducted on previous coronaviruses
2.3 Organizational and agency guidance on COVID-19 testing
2.4 Current test methods and their differences
3. Adding COVID-19 and other virus testing to your laboratory
3.1 What methodologies will you use?
3.2 What kind of space, equipment, and supplies will you need?
3.3 What other considerations should be made?
4. Workflow and information management for COVID-19 (and other respiratory diseases)
4.1 Laboratory informatics and workflow management
4.2 Laboratory informatics and reporting requirements
4.3 Additional benefits and challenges of informatics in disease testing and public health
5. Final thoughts and additional resources
5.1 Final thoughts
5.2 Key guidance documents
5.3 Web portals
5.4 Key journal articles
5.5 Public health lab directory
5.6 Test kit and other resources
5.7 Public health laboratory informatics vendors